Our skin naturally exfoliates the dead cells approximately in every 28 days. However, as we age cells turnover do not occur readily, resulting in dead skin cells retained on the skin surface. That's when exfoliation comes into the picture. To exfoliate is to remove the dead skin cells from the outermost surface of the skin. It is critical to your skin health and for regeneration to regularly get shed off these dead skin scale from the skin's outermost surface. Exfoliation helps you even out your skin texture and smooth skin. Regular exfoliation stimulates cell turnover, which slowdowns with ageing, promotes youthfulness and makes the glowing more glowing. And most importantly, sloughing away the dead cells from the skin surface helps skincare products work more effectively. The products can penetrate into the skin and work more effectively. It also helps in clearing out the clogged pores, which otherwise may result in acne.
Physical Exfoliator and Chemical Exfoliator
Well! Before we go over to exfoliation, it is important to know the different means of exfoliation. Skin exfoliation can be done via mechanical means and chemical means.
Physical exfoliation includes manually scrubbing and sloughing away surface skin cells, which involves physically abrasive devices such as sponges, brushes, textured exfoliating pads etc. or techniques such as rubbing micro-bead facial scrubs, peel offs, etc. Such grainy products help to brush away the dead cells from skin. Chemical exfoliants are exfoliating by use of chemicals. Such chemical exfoliants cause the outermost skin cells to disposes of by disrupting the intercellular bonding of cells and give more smooth and clear skin. Alpha-Hydroxy acid (AHAs), Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), mild acids in astringent formulations such as glycolic or lactic acid enhances cell turnover and therefore, are beneficial for exfoliation.
PRO TIP: Use your baby fingers while scrubbing. Do not exert any pressure. Gently rub in a circular motion very slowly in clockwise and anti-clockwise motion.
Don't overdo it?
A major predicament with exfoliation is overdoing it. Exfoliating skin regularly can give your skin a feeling of freshness and you can for sure notice the positive changes that it effectuates, however, you have to make sure that you are not overdoing it. Exfoliating once or twice a week is more than enough for the skin. But, it is very crucial to keep in check physical exfoliation is not done too harshly or vigorously. Treat your skin like a baby, and very gently. Likewise, chemical exfoliation is done extrinsically, it can do serious damage to the skin barrier. While choosing your products, it is important to look out for mild exfoliants that are gentle on skin and at the same time effective. Any harsh treatment on skin barrier can dehydrate skin and sensitive skin that may cause redness,
flakiness, roughness, breakouts, wrinkles and other signs of ageing.
The major take away
Exfoliate once or twice a week
Products you are using are mild, not harsh
Exfoliate very gently.
Get the radiant and smooth skin you deserve.
How often do you exfoliate? Share with us your experience.